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What Is Strategy Consulting?

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Strategy consulting involves helping businesses come up with strategic plans for various processes. Strategy consultants generally work with C-suite executives and high-level managers to understand and provide recommendations for a company’s goals and objectives. Here’s what you need to know about strategic consulting and how to get into this prestigious industry.

What Is Strategy Consulting? Definition and Types

Strategy consulting is the process of advising companies on important business decisions by providing strategic consulting advice. It generally includes researching and analyzing issues, identifying challenges and opportunities, and making recommendations.

Although companies may use strategy consulting for nearly any business decision or process, the eight main disciplines are:

  • Business Model Transformation (BMI)
  • Corporate Strategy
  • Digital Strategy
  • Economic Policy
  • Functional Strategy
  • Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A)
  • Organization Strategy
  • Strategy and Operations

Within these categories are numerous project possibilities, from restructuring operations and determining best practices to building brand awareness and developing market entry plans.

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Strategy Consulting vs. Management Consulting

Strategy consulting is a type of management consulting, with strategic consulting focusing more on specific goals and management consulting focusing on overall company performance.

“Many people use the terms interchangeably,” explains Alastair McKee, global business strategy and operations manager at Google and a Forage content development partner. “But strategy consulting is a subset of management consulting focused specifically on helping a company go from A to B on a particular issue, rather than looking holistically at the business as a whole.”

When hiring strategy consultants, businesses are looking for large-scale directional changes that are often highly revenue-focused. The shifts usually begin upstream with the CEO and provide a defining direction for the future. Questions associated with strategic consulting include: 

  • What do we have to do?
  • Why do we have to do it? 

With management consulting, the work is more about internal strategy. Management consultants often focus on implementation, and many changes happen downstream in the organization. Relevant questions include:

  • How and when should we do it?
  • Who is going to do it?

For instance, a company facing several issues across the organization may seek out management consulting services to help it identify and rectify problems the company is facing overall. A strategy consultant, on the other hand, would address specific management issues by coming up with targeted strategies.


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Why Strategy Consulting?

The global strategy consulting market is estimated to reach $101.75 billion by 2027 — an increase of more than $46 billion since 2019. As companies prioritize increasing productivity and decreasing costs, strategy consulting will likely continue to be an essential component of the professional services industry, with many potential benefits for companies.

“There are a number of ways hiring strategy consultants can benefit a business,” says McKee, also a former consultant at Bain & Company. “For one, many organizations struggle to think about where to go and how to get there when their people are busy actually running the business.”

McKee notes that companies hire strategy consultants because they’ve worked on similar issues across industries and have proven they know how to solve problems.

“Their ability to introduce frameworks, structure, and best practices to ambiguous situations, their third-party objectivity, and also to validate a company’s own management team’s strategy before investing significant resources” can all benefit a business, McKee continues.

Other advantages for companies include:

  • Unbiased perspective: Company employees and board members are often too close to the issues to see a way out. Strategy consulting provides an outside perspective and enables leaders to get an honest assessment of their processes and goals without potential conflicts of interest getting in the way.
  • New ideas: Strategy consultants bring a wealth of experience and knowledge that can lead to fresh, out-of-the-box ideas for a company’s growth and success. 
  • Fast results: With established plans and a results-oriented approach, business strategy consultants focus on getting the job done without getting distracted by other priorities and initiatives.

Industry Outlook

Although strategy consulting is uniquely beneficial for companies, McKee explains that technology can pose a threat to the industry, particularly as artificial intelligence (AI) gets better at gathering and analyzing data. “Of course, the firms will continue to evolve to try and keep up with the times,” he says, with some firms “investing in digital capabilities, often buying up smaller, more specialized firms.”

For example, consulting firm McKinsey & Company acquired QuantumBlack AI to blend AI and technology with strategic thinking and expertise. In this way, technology can combine with consultants’ extensive knowledge to help strategy consulting firms stay relevant in the coming years.

The key is having the right experts in place to turn data into actionable strategies. “I think firms will have to hire more expert practitioners, as well as retain people growing through the firms, to best serve the needs of tech-native companies,” McKee says.

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Top Strategy Consulting Firms

While many management consulting firms include strategic consulting in their service offerings, there are “pure-play” strategy consulting firms that exclusively offer this service. The three largest and most prestigious strategy consulting firms (also known as “MBB” or the “Big Three”) are:

The Big Four professional services firms primarily offer accounting and advisory services and focus on implementation, but also provide strategy consulting:


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How to Get Into Strategy Consulting

As with most consulting careers, getting into strategy consulting requires both education and experience. Strategic consulting is often considered the most prestigious consulting branch and can be a lucrative career for those willing to put in the time.

To become a strategy consultant, plan on getting a business-related undergraduate degree or taking various business courses to set the foundation for acquiring relevant knowledge and expertise. 

Most strategic consulting firms prefer candidates with advanced degrees, so think about also pursuing a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree if your eventual goal is to work in consulting.

You should also look for consulting internships, job simulations, and other opportunities to gain work experience throughout your undergraduate and graduate studies and as you search for a job. These types of experiences can show employers that you’re interested in the field and have a sense of what the career entails.

Interested in exploring a variety of consultant careers? Check out Forage’s free consulting job simulations to find out what it’s like to work at a well-known consulting firm.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is it hard to get into strategy consulting?

Strategic consulting is a very competitive field and the top consulting firms reportedly only hire about 1% of applicants. However, pursuing consulting internships while in college can give you a head start and help you get your foot in the door well before graduation.

Do you need an MBA for strategy consulting?

While an MBA isn’t required for a strategy consulting career at smaller firms, this graduate degree can give you a significant advantage if you’re hoping to work for one of the Big Three firms (McKinsey, BCG, or Bain). An MBA can also lead to a higher starting salary.

What does a strategy consulting intern do?

Strategy consulting interns initially focus on data collection and research and receive training on Excel and PowerPoint. Tasks may extend to meetings with clients and creating and executing consulting strategies, and often include mentoring and networking opportunities.

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Emily Courtney is an Assigning Editor at Forage. She has written and edited career and education-related content as an Editor for FabJob, Content Specialist for FlexJobs, and Content Editor for Thruline Marketing.

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